List of Biggest Rivers and Lakes of India

List of Biggest Rivers and Lakes of India

India is a country rich in natural resources. There are many large and small rivers. They play an important role in providing food for millions of people in Africa. They are also sacred to the inhabitants of this country. Now here we talking about the biggest rivers and lakes in India.

The most popular river is the Ganges, located in the north of the country. But the Yamuna and Indus rivers are also important rivers. The name of this country originated from the Indus. But now it is mostly located in Pakistan. This is due to the division of India.

The Ganges, the Yarlung Zangbo River and many of its tributaries are equally important, and there are also large rivers. Rivers began to survive in the peaks of the Himalayas, and all brought water to the Bay of Bengal. Thanks to the waters of these rivers, agriculture in the country is maintained.

Due to the hot climate, about 60% of India’s land is artificially irrigated. Most rivers are fed only by rainwater. During the driest period, the river level began to drop, and flooding began in the rainy season. Both of these factors have a negative impact on agriculture.

As for lakes, India has almost none. Glacier nutrition alone is not enough to maintain the water level of the lake.

In India, there are Niugong Lake in the Great Bow Valley and glacial lakes in the Himalayas. The largest lake is Sambhar, which is used for salt evaporation.

Major rivers of India

1. Brahmaputra

The total length of the river is 2,900 kilometers. The river flows through China, India and Bangladesh. The Yarlung Zangbo River is the left tributary of the Ganges. It has such a name only in India, and in Bangladesh, it is called Jamuna. This river enjoys a high reputation in India. Due to frequent earthquakes, the river bed often changes downstream. In summer, the water level of the Yarlung Zangbo River usually rises to 8-12 m and floods the surrounding territory, which causes great damage to the residents. Used for navigation (downstream of the river, Tibet).

The length of the river is 2,900km, in India – 955 km

2. Ganges

In India, the Ganges is the longest river. Among the world’s rivers, its fullness ranks third. Only Amazon and Congo lead. The length of the Ganges is 2,700 kilometers. It originated from the Gangotri Glacier in the western Himalayas. This Ganges River flows into the Bay of Bengal. This river is rich in fish resources. The Ganges is a holy place for Hindus.

The length of the river is 2700 km, in India – 2400 km

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3. Godavari

Like the Ganges, this river flows into the Bay of Bengal and begins its source near Trimbak in Maharashta. Godavari is the second largest river after the Ganges in India. In the respect of the local people, many tourists make pilgrimages to its temples. It has many tributaries, mainly Varda (Vardha), Vainganga (Vainganga), Indravati (Indravati), Manjira (Manjira), Pranahita (Pranahita), Kinarasani ( Kinnerasani) and Sileru (Sileru).

River length – 1465 km

4. Krishna

The river starts in Maharashta and is 1,300 kilometers long. It ends the journey with the waters of the Bay of Bengal. Like the rivers mentioned above, Krishna is also a sacred river with many temples and shrines built along its banks.

River length – 1300 km

5. Indus

The length of the river is 3180 kilometers. It is the longest river in South Asia. It originated from the peaks of the Himalayas. It flows not only to India, but also to Pakistan. The mouth of the Indus River has established the world’s largest delta with an area of ​​41,000 square meters. Kilometers Today, due to lack of precipitation, rivers that were originally overcrowded are becoming shallower and shallower.

The length of the river is 3180 km, in India 502 km

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6. Mandovi

The length of Mandovi is 77 kilometers. It is recognized as the largest river in Goa. This river flows from the Western Ghats and brings water to the Arabian Sea. On the way, the Mandovi River forms a waterfall, and the water flows quite fast.

The length of the river is 77 km

7. Zuari

The Zuari River flows into Goa, India, with a total length of 34 kilometers. Zuari flows into the Arabian Sea. The beach of the river is picturesque and there are many fish in the depths.

8. Sal

This river is one of the largest rivers in the country after Mandovi and Zuari. It flows through the South Goa region. A distinctive feature of this river is its flow from north to south. There are many small islands in the Saar River.

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9. Vembanad Lake

It is known as the longest lake in India. Located in Kerala. The lake seems to be divided into several parts by the Thanneermukkom dam. It was established to avoid flooding downstream of Kuttanad. The lake area is over 2,000 square kilometers, 96 kilometers long and 14 kilometers wide. The islet and peninsula are adjacent to the lake.

10. Periar

The lake is a reservoir made by artificial means. The surrounding area is a nature reserve, named after a lake. Periyar Nature Reserve is the largest nature reserve in southern India. The lake was created to relieve the thirst of wild animals.

11. Kankaria Lake

The largest lake in Ahmedabad, which was created back in 1451, is located in the Maninagar region, in the southeast of the city. It has a round shape. The perimeter of the lake is 2.3 km. Lake Kankaria is adapted for holidaymakers, which attracts the attention of locals and tourists.

12. Hussein Sagar

It was created artificially in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. The lake in India is also very old because it was created in 1562. The lake area at that time was 5.7 square meters. In the middle of the lake, a huge Buddha statue 18 m high was built. Hussein Sagar united the Twin Cities (Secunderabad) and Hyderabad (Hyderabad).

13. Sambhar Lake

Sambhar is the largest salt lakein India, established in northwestern India. The lake is a vast swamp. It is very shallow. During dry periods, the depth is only 60 cm. After a period of rainfall, the depth increases to 3 m. The Sambhar area covers an area of ​​190-230 square meters. Kilometers. , It all depends on weather conditions. A sand-rock dam was built in the lake basin. There is a railway here, which is the connection point between the city and the salt mining area. The salt factory produces approximately 196,000 tons of salt per year.

14. Wular Lake

Wular Lake is one of the Asia’s largest freshwater lakes  located in Jammu and Kashmir. It spans 24 kilometers and is surrounded by towering mountains. The green water of Lake Ngurah is an important natural habitat for fish, a large number of birds and wildlife. Thousands of people live on its coast and elsewhere in the Kashmir Valley, relying on fishing in Lake Wular for their livelihoods.

15. Dal Lake

The Kashmir valley has exotic natural beauty and water bodies. One of the best is Dal Lake. Dal Lake is one of the most beautiful lakes in India and the second largest lake in the J&K Valley. This is one of the most famous lakes in India and a symbol of Kashmir tourism. In addition to the natural scenery, the attractions of Dal Lake also include floating gardens, colorful shikaras and boat houses. To the east of Dal Lake is the residence of the goddess Maa Durga.

16. Loktak Lake

This Lake is the Northeast India largest freshwater lake , located in Manipur. Because of the floating phumdis, it is also known as the only floating lake in the world. It is used as a water source for hydroelectric power generation, irrigation drinking water supply and wildlife. Keibul Lamjao National Park (Keibul Lamjao National Park) is the last natural refuge of the endangered Sangha and is now only found in Manipur.

17. Lake Chilka

Lake Chilka is a saltwater lake and the largest coastal lakes in India. Chilka Lake is located in Orissa and is the largest inland saltwater lake in Asia. Brackish water is water with a higher salinity than fresh water, but not more than sea water. Lake Chilika (commonly known as Chilka) is the queen of natural beauty in the tribal country Orissa, which is also known as the Swiss lake on the mainland. T

18. Pulicat Lake

This is a saltwater backwater lakes in India located on the coast of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. It extends to Chenalpattu District in Tamil Nadu. With an area of ​​481 square kilometers, it is the second largest saltwater lagoon in India after Lake Chirka in Orissa.

Major Lakes in India

S.No Name State District Type of Lakes Facts/Description
1 Son Beel Assam Karimganj Freshwater (Tectonically formed) Largest wetland in Assam
2 Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh Vijayawada Freshwater Home to migratory birds
3 Nagarjuna Sagar Andhra Pradesh Nalgonda Freshwater Artificially constructed;
Krishna river
4 Haflong Lake Assam Silchar Freshwater High altitude lake
5 DeeporBeel Assam Kamrup Freshwater Under Ramsar Convention
6 Pulicat Lake Andhra Pradesh Sullurpet Brackish Water It encompasses Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary;
Satish Dhawan Space Centre located here
7 Chandubi lake Assam Kamrup Freshwater Migratory Birds (winter);
formed by 1897 earthquake
8 Kanwar Lake Bihar Begusarai Oxbow (freshwater) Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake;
9 Hamirsar lake Gujarat Kutch Artificial Situated in centre of Bhuj
10 Kankaria lake Gujarat Ahmedabad Artificial During 14th century by Muhammed Shah II
11 Narayan Sarovar Gujarat Kutch Artificial freshwater Pilgrimage site for Hindus
12 Thol Lake Gujarat Mehsana Lentic lake Constructed for irrigation purpose
13 Vastrapur Gujarat Ahmedabad Freshwater Narmada River;
Picnic spot
14 Badkal Lake Haryana Faridabad Freshwater Man made
15 Blue Bird Lake Haryana Hisar Freshwater Migratory Birds, Wetland Habitat
16 Brahma Sarovar Haryana Thaneswar Freshwater Ancient water pool sacred to Hinduism
17 Damdama Lake Haryana Sohna Freshwater Constructed by British government for Rainwater Harvesting
18 Karna Haryana Karnal Freshwater Connected to great epic Mahabharata
19 Tilyar Haryana Rohtak Freshwater (canal inflow) Located inside Tilyar Zoo
20 Chandra Taal Himachal Pradesh Lahul and Spiti Sweetwater lake Ramsar wetland site
21 Suraj Taal Himachal Pradesh Lahul and Spiti Freshwater (High Altitude) Bhaga River inflow
22 MaharanaPratapSagar Himachal Pradesh Kangra Freshwater Ramsar site
23 Prashar lake Himachal Pradesh Mandi Holomitic (Freshwater) It has a floating Island
24 Dal lake J &K Srinagar Warm monomitic Remnants of  past glacial period
25 Pangong Tso J &K Ladakh Endorheic Lake (saline water) Indo-China Border
26 Wular lake J &K Bandipora Tectonic lake (fresh water) Largest freshwater lake in India
27 TsoMoriri J &K Ladakh Saltwater High altitude lake
28 Agata lake Karnataka Bangalore Freshwater Located in southwest part of the city
29 Bellandur Lake Karnataka Bangalore Freshwater  –
30 Karachi lake Karnataka Mysore  – Butterfly park
31 Ulsoor lake Karnataka Bangalore Stale water It has several islands
32 Kukarahalli lake Karnataka Mysore Freshwater Recreational
33 Honnamana Karnataka Kodagu Freshwater Holy lake, place for various festivals
34 Pampa Sarovar Karnataka Hampi Freshwater Tungabhadra river
35 Ashtamudi Kayal Kerala Kollam Brackish water Ramsar wetland site
36 Kuttanad Kerala Alappuzha, Kottayam   Backwater paddy cultivation
37 Vembanad Kerala  – Brackish water Ramsar wetland; boat race
38 Shashtamkotta Kerala Kollam Freshwater Ramsar wetland
39 Bhojtal Madhya. Pradesh Bhopal Freshwater Ramsar site; largest artificial lake in India
40 Salim Ali Maharashtra Aurangabad Freshwater Birdwatching
41 Shivsagar Maharashtra Satara Freshwater Koyna dam
42 Lonar lake Maharashtra Buldhana Crater lake National Geo-Heritage monument
43 Loktak lake Manipur  – Lenticular freshwater Ramsar wetland; Phumdis (Floating Islands); Multipurpose project
44 Umiam Meghalaya Shillong Freshwater Famous for cycling and boating
45 Tam Dil Mizoram Saitual Freshwater  –
46 Chilika lake Orissa Puri Brackish water India’s largest brackish water lake; lagoon
47 Kanjia lake Orissa Bhubaneswar Freshwater Wetland of national importance
48 Harike Punjab Ferozepur Freshwater Ramsar wetland site
49 Rupar Punjab Rupnagar Freshwater Manmade riverine lake
50 Kanjli Punjab Kapurthala Freshwater Ramsar wetland site
51 Sambhar lake Rajasthan Sambhar Lake-town Saltwater Ramsar wetland; largest inland saltwater lake in India
52 Rajsamand Rajasthan Rajsamand Freshwater  –
53 Tsomgo lake Sikkim East Sikkim Freshwater Winter frozen
54 Khecheoplari Sikkim West Sikkim Freshwater Sacred lake for Hindus and Buddhists
55 Ooty lake Tamilnadu Nilgiris Freshwater Boat House
56 Chembarambakkam Tamilnadu Chennai Artificial lake  –
57 Hussain Sagar Telangana Hyderabad Artificial lake Artificial Gibraltar rock island
58 Badrakali lake Telegana Warangal Freshwater Artificial lake
59 Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Uttar Pradesh Sonbhadra Man-made lake Rihand dam
60 Belasagar Uttar Pradesh Kulpahar Freshwater Irrigation lake
61 Bhimtal Uttarakhand Nainital Freshwater Medium altitude lake
62 East Calcutta wetlands West Bengal Calcutta Brackish water Ramsar wetland

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